COX-2 expression in thymomas and thymic carcinomas: a novel therapeutic target?

  • RJ Rieker1,

    Affiliated with

    • PhA Schnabel1,

      Affiliated with

      • G Mechtersheimer1,

        Affiliated with

        • M Thomas2,

          Affiliated with

          • H Dienemann2,

            Affiliated with

            • P Schirmacher1 and

              Affiliated with

              • MA Kern1

                Affiliated with

                Diagnostic Pathology20072(Suppl 1):S3

                DOI: 10.1186/1746-1596-2-S1-S3

                Published: 14 March 2007


                The treatment of advanced stage thymomas and thymic carcinomas is multimodal and includes surgery as well as radiochemotherapy. New therapeutic targets such as EGFR and c-kit are currently under investigation. A number of studies have shown a protumorigenic potential of Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an enzyme of the prostaglandin metabolism, in a variety of human malignancies, but so far it is unknown whether COX-2 is expressed in epithelial tumors of the thymus.


                Using tissue microarrays, the expression of COX-2, microsomal-PGES-1 and -PGES-2 (mPGES-1 and mPGES-2), as well as EGFR was evaluated in thirty-four cases of different subtypes of thymoma and thymic carcinomas. Furthermore, twenty-seven additional cases of thymomas and thymic carcinomas were analysed by COX-2 western immunoblot analysis and compared with six normal thymi from young children.


                COX-2 was expressed in all thymoma- and thymic carcinoma subtypes. When measuring the optical color intensity, no significant differences between the subtypes could be detected. A weak correlation between the expression of COX-2, mPGES-1 and mPGES-2 as well as EGFR was found. Western blot analysis of COX-2 expression revealed an up-regulation compared with normal thymus.


                COX-2 is expressed in all subtypes of thymomas and thymic carcinomas and represents therefore a potential novel therapeutic target beside EGFR and c-kit. A combined therapy using COX-2 inhibitors in addition to the evolving anti-EGFR antibody therapy may be considered as treatment option, especially when there is no response to established chemotherapeutic schemes, since this combination has a positive impact on the treatment of other malignancies.

                Authors’ Affiliations

                Institut für allgemeine Pathologie, Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg
                Thoraxklinik Rohrbach am Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg


                © Rieker et al 2007

                This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.