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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of primary carcinoid tumor arising within mature teratoma of the kidney

From: Primary carcinoid tumor arising within mature teratoma of the kidney: report of a rare entity and review of the literature

Source, Year Age, year Sex Clinical Presentation Radiographic Features of Renal Mass* Association with Horseshoe Kidney
Kojiro et al, 1976 [2] 40 Male Epigastric pain, nausea, no carcinoid syndrome IV&RP: Marked dilatation of left renal pelvis No
Fetissof et al, 1984 [3] 65 Male Fever, no carcinoid syndrome IVU: Displaced left kidney and non-visualized right kidney Yes
Lodding et al, 1997 [1] 23 Male Abdominal pain, no carcinoid syndrome CT: Calcification in horseshoe kidney Yes
Yoo et al, 2002 [4] 30 Female Abdominal pain, no carcinoid syndrome CT: Dense calcification with minimal contrast enhancement No
Kim et al, 2004 [5] 39 Female Asymptomatic, incidental renal mass, no carcinoid syndrome CT: Relatively well demarcated and incompletely marginated by a thin hypodense rim with globular calcifications No
Kurzer et al, 2005 [6] 58 Female Asymptomatic, incidental renal mass, no carcinoid syndrome CT: Round, smooth, and well marginated, with two solid clumps of calcifications (Bosniak III lesion) No
Current case 35 Female Right flank pain, right costovertebral angle tenderness, no carcinoid syndrome CT: Exophytic, round, well-circumscribed mildly complex hypodense with globular calcifications (Bosniak II lesion) RU&KUB: Incomplete filling of upper pole infundibulum No
  1. *IV&RP, intravenous and retrograde pyelograms; IVU, intravenous urogram; CT, computerized tomography; RU&KUB, retrograde urogram and kidney-ureter-bladder plain x-ray