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Table 1 Ascites Etiologies by Serum-Ascites Albumin Gradient (SAAG)

From: Desmoplastic small round cell tumour in a 74 year old man: an uncommon cause of ascites (case report)

Ascites Etiologies by SAAG
SAAG ≥ 11 g/L SAAG < 11 g/L
Cirrhosis Peritoneal carcinomatosis
Congestive heart failure Pancreatitis
Alcoholic hepatitis Nephrotic Syndrome
Hepatic metastases Serositis
Portal vein thrombosis Tuberculosis
Budd-Chiari syndrome  
  1. An elevated SAAG (11 g/L or greater) correlates with portal hypertension, whereas a low gradient indicates no portal hypertension [6].