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Table 1 Previously reported examples of duodenal metastasis in patients with renal cell carcinoma

From: Renal cell carcinoma metastasizing to duodenum: a rare occurrence

Author Year Age/Sex Duration post-nephrectomy Presenting symptoms Other organs involved Treatment Patient outcome
Lawson et al [3] 1966 69/F 0 years Bleeding anemia - Pancreatico-duodenectomy Alive (8 months FU)
Tolia et al [4] 1975 -/M 16 years - - - 5 months
Heymann et al [5] 1978 64/M 8 years Bleeding Colon Complex procedure 3 weeks
McNichols et al [6] 1981 52/M 10 years Malabsorption - Diagnostic only -
Lynch et al [7] 1987 16/M 1 year Bleeding - Embolization Alive (6 months FU)
   61/M 6 years Jaundice - Embolization 6 months
   67/M 2 years Bleeding Lungs - Lost to FU
Robertson et [8] 1990 70/M 13 years Bleeding Pancreas Whipple procedure -
Gastaca et al [9] 1996 - 8 years - - Duodenectomy -
Toh et al [10] 1996 59/F 10 years Obstruction anemia - Metastatectomy Alive (6 months FU)
Ohmura et al [11] 2000 62/M 5 years Obstruction - Embolization- local resection -
Hashimoto et al [12] 2001 57/M 11 years Bleeding Pancreas PPPD -
Nabi et al [13] 2001 40/M 4 years Obstruction - Gastrojujenostomy 7 days
Sawh et al [14] 2002 53/M 6 years Bleeding Brain Anal canal Duodenectomy Alive (4 years FU)
Loualidi et al [15] 2004 76/M 5 years Anemia - Radiotherapy Alive
Chang et al [16] 2004 63/F 9 years Bleeding - Metastatectomy -
George et al [16] 2004 65/M 2 years Obstruction Omentum ileum Intestinal Resection 9 months
Arroyo [17] 2005 - - - - - -
Bhatia et al (current) 2006 50/M 1 year Jaundice Liver Diagnostic only Lost to FU
  1. PPPD = Pylorus preserving pancreatico-duodenectomy, FU = Follow up