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Retraction note: Cyto-histopathological and outcome features of the prepuce squamous cell carcinoma of a mixed breed dog

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The original article was published in Diagnostic Pathology 2014 9:999


The Editor-in-Chief and Publisher have retracted this article [1] because the scientific integrity of the content cannot be guaranteed. An investigation by the Publisher found it to be one of a group of articles we have identified as showing evidence suggestive of attempts to subvert the peer review and publication system to inappropriately obtain or allocate authorship. This article showed evidence of plagiarism (most notably from the articles cited [27]) and peer review and authorship manipulation.


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    Yaghoobi Yeganeh Manesh J, Shafiee R, Mohammad Bahrami A, Pourzaer M, Pourzaer M, Pedram B, Javanbakht J, Mokarizadeh A, Khadivar F. Cyto-histopathological and outcome features of the prepuce squamous cell carcinoma of a mixed breed dog. Diagn Pathol. 2014;9:110.

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    van den Top JGB, Ensink JM, Barneveld A, van Weeren PR. Penile and preputial squamous cell carcinoma in the horse and proposal of a classification system. Equine Vet Educ. 2011;23(12):636–48.

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    Micali G, Schwartz RA, Nasca MR, Humphrey PA. Urogenital squamous cell carcinoma. Accessed 26 Sept 2016.

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    Waropastrakul S, Munday JS, French AF. Infrequent detection of papillomaviral DNA within canine cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas, haemangiosarcomas and healthy skin on the ventrum of dogs. Vet Dermatol. 2012;23(3):197–e41.

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    Munday JS, O’Connor KI, Smits B. Development of multiple pigmented viral plaques and squamous cell carcinomas in a dog infected by a novel papillomavirus. Vet Dermatol. 2011;22(1):104–10.

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    Nemec A, Murphy B, Kass PH, Verstraete FJM. Histological subtypes of oral non-tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma in dogs. J Comp Pathol. 2012;147(2–3):111–20.

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    Hobbenaghi R, Mahboob P, Saifzadeh S, Javanbakht J, Manesh JYY, Mortezaee, Touni SR, Hosseini E, Aghajanshakeri S, Mouludizargari M, Javaherypour S. Histopathological features of bone regeneration in a canine segmental ulnar defect model. Diagn Pathol. 2014;9:59.

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Author information

Correspondence to Javad Javanbakht or Aram Mokarizadeh.

Additional information

The online version of the original article can be found under doi:10.1186/1746-1596-9-110.

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