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  • Retraction Note
  • Open Access

Retraction note: Cyto-histopathological and outcome features of the prepuce squamous cell carcinoma of a mixed breed dog

  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 3,
  • 4,
  • 5,
  • 6,
  • 7Email author,
  • 8Email author and
  • 2
Diagnostic Pathology201611:115

  • Received: 17 October 2016
  • Accepted: 19 October 2016
  • Published:

The original article was published in Diagnostic Pathology 2014 9:999


The Editor-in-Chief and Publisher have retracted this article [1] because the scientific integrity of the content cannot be guaranteed. An investigation by the Publisher found it to be one of a group of articles we have identified as showing evidence suggestive of attempts to subvert the peer review and publication system to inappropriately obtain or allocate authorship. This article showed evidence of plagiarism (most notably from the articles cited [27]) and peer review and authorship manipulation.



Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Authors’ Affiliations

Gradute of Islamic Azad University of Shahrekord, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran
Graduate, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Faculty of Para Veterinary Medicine, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran
Graduate Student, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Alborz, Iran
Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Science, Damghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damghan, Iran
Department of Pathobiology, Susangerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Susangerd, Iran
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran


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© The Author(s). 2016